Buzz Blog

The BeautifiedBuzz Foundation Guide

Do you know the difference between your BB cream, CC cream, DD cream, Mineral foundation, Cream-to-Powder and tinted moisturizer?

The right foundation can even out the skin tone, and provide a near flawless complexion. When applied correctly, it should look like you’re not wearing any foundation at all and simply have clear, smooth, even-toned, great-looking skin! Sometimes, your foundation product may be all you need to even out minimal facial discolorations, and it can also help eyeshadows and blushes go on more smoothly and stay in place. Foundations come in a variety of textures and consistencies and you can achieve different levels of coverage with each type of foundation.  

There are so many different types of products.... 

There is quite an assortment of foundations to be found in stores - they have a variety of bases (cream-based, silicone-based, water-based, emollient-based, powder-based) and a variety of coverage types.

Add to that, options like tinted moisturizers, BB, CC and DD creams, we understand why it might all seem a little confusing. We've decided to put together a useful guide to help you pick whats right for you. 

When choosing a type of foundation product consider your skin type. If your skin is oily, try going for an oil-free matte finish product. These usually come in either liquid or powder form. If your skin is dry, try cream or liquid based moisturising products. 

Also consider what coverage you would like. Go for a light coverage if you already have good-looking skin and you are just looking for a complexion boost. Many foundations have a build-able coverage that allow you to start off light and slowly build up to your perfect level of coverage by adding more product. If you have a lot of blemishes to cover-up, a heavier coverage foundation might help, but make sure you blend your foundation thoroughly around your hairline and jaw-line to avoid a 'mask' look. 

Tools for application are almost just as important as the products themselves. There are various different brush types and sponges that are best for each type of foundation. Some are even best applied with your fingers! As a general rule, we would recommend a large dense 'kabuki' brush for powder foundations, a sponge or short haired brush for liquid formulas, and a sponge or long flat brush for cream formulas.

 

 

Tinted Moisturizers 

These give sheer, light-weight coverage and are an alternative to foundation when you do not need a lot of correction. They have more range of shades to choose from compared to BB creams. Tinted moisturizers provide a natural, even looking skin tone, and can add just a hint of color if needed. They often also have moisturizing and sunblocking properties.

BeautifiedBuzz Tip: Mix your moisturizer with a little bit of your favourite foundation, to create your own tinted moisturizer

BB Creams

BB stands for blemish balm or beauty balm. BB creams are meant as an all in one facial cosmetic product to replace serum, moisturizer, primer, foundation, and sunblock. They can be worn alone as tinted moisturizers due to their hydrating quality.

They wont usually provide full coverage for blemishes but they are great for a barely-there, fresh, natural look. 

Even though most of us have some naturally built in sun protection from the melanin in our skin (the substance that gives us our brown skin colour), it's still important to protect our skin from sun damage which can cause wrinkles and hyper pigmentation (dark patches). Products with built in sun protection should be beauty essentials. 

CC Creams

CC stands for color correction. They have all the benefits of BB creams and more coverage. CC creams are best described as in between a tinted moisturizer and foundation.

You might see CC creams in some unusual looking colours like orange and green. The idea is that they correct any discolourations on your skin. Green tones help correct redness, while red and orange tones are fantastic for correcting dark patches. Peach tones are great for brightening. 

DD Creams

DD stands for Daily defense or Dermatologically defining. These creams offer the benefits of BB and CC creams with more anti-aging benefits.

These also offer an all in one sheer coverage.

Foundation Primers

Foundation primers even out the texture of the skin to provide the perfect base for foundation.  They keep the makeup smooth and add longevity to the makeup. Silicone-based primers are great for sensitive or allergy prone skin. They also protect the skin from the rest of your makeup which may contain irritants. The silicone allows the product to spread easily over the skin, and can help smooth the skin’s texture by filling in enlarged pores, acne scars, fine lines, and wrinkles. These primers also tend to have a soft matte finish on the skin once they’re dry, and that can make your foundation a bit easier to control and blend because the skin will be much less slippery than if you had applied an emollient moisturizer. 

Whipped foundation

Whipped foundation is also called Mousse and is basically liquid makeup with air whipped in or cream foundation with a whipped consistency. They even out the skin tone without appearing heavy and give great coverage that appears natural. Unlike heavier formulas, they do not collect in fine lines and so are good for mature skin.

Liquid Foundations

Liquid foundation is just as the name implies. They blend very easily into the skin and come in a variety of formulas for different skin types including oil-free, oil-absorbing, moisturising, water-based,  emollient, and mineral-based formulas. For oily or sensitive skin, you may use a water- based foundation. For dry or mature skin, a hydrating foundation is a good choice. Mineral foundations are good with all skin types. It provides more coverage than a tinted moisturizer but less than a cream or stick foundation.

Oil-free and matte liquid foundations

Most of these contain no oils or ingredients such as silicone, that act or feel like oils. They have a matte finish, with no shine or dewy appearance whatsoever. On the skin, “oil-free” matte foundations look like a traditional liquid foundation but are often thicker in appearance and have no shine. They last much longer on oily skin or oily areas than most other foundations. These often have build-able coverage. 

Water-based and standard liquid foundations

Water-based does not mean oil-free. It may have oils or emollients in its ingredient base which makes blending even and easy. Most water-based foundations are best for those with normal to dry skin. After you’ve blended the foundation in, you can apply the powder all over the face to reduce the shine. 

Mineral Foundations

These are great for sensitive or acne-prone skin. There are fewer ingredients, and because the minerals are inert, they will not support bacteria. They are great for people with allergies and sensitive skin, as well other skin conditions but it is still a good idea to test these products just to be sure. They are available in liquid or powder form.

Cream Foundations

Cream foundations appear like normal cream. They are generally thicker and heavier in consistency than the liquid foundation so they can be used in place of concealer to cover minor blemishes. You can also make its coverage sheerer by applying it with a damp sponge. It is not as dry as a powder or as wet as a liquid and it usually comes in a compact or stick. It is best to set these foundations with powder. Works better for normal to dry skin but if you have flaky skin, first exfoliate before applying a cream foundation.

Cream foundations usually offer the heaviest coverage. 

Powder Foundations

They give a flawless matte finish and work best on oily or acne prone skin, but also works well for normal or combination skin. They blend on easily and quickly but are not the best choice for dry skin.

Pressed-powder foundations

These foundations come in a compact and have a bit more coverage and ability to stay put than normal pressed powder. They blend easily and can be applied all over the face, including the eyelids.

Regular pressed powder is for use over other foundations and for shine control. Powder foundations can be used for a fully build-able coverage while pressed powder is just for a light dusting. 

Cream to Powder Foundations

These are basically a cross between a pressed powder and a creamy liquid foundation. They come in a compact and have a very creamy, sometimes greasy appearance. They blend easily and give a slightly matte, powdery finish. If you wish to use powder, apply lightly to avoid a caked, heavy look. Cream-to-powder foundations work best on normal skin but may not give a natural appearance.

Liquid-to-powder foundations

These foundations have a gel-like, wet feel to them and typically contain water as the first ingredient, along with a slip agent such as glycerin. Liquid-to-powder foundations are lighter on the skin than cream-to-powder but they dry quickly. They blend on easily and provide a semi-matte to matte finish with sheer to medium coverage. If you wish to use powder, make sure you apply it as lightly as possible to avoid a caked, heavy look. If you have dry skin, use an emollient moisturizer or sunscreen beforehand. 

Matte Foundations

Matte foundation gives best coverage on the skin, and when applied, it appears natural and even. The end result is dull and natural finish, without any artificial shimmer and the skin looks simple and elegant. They are available in various formulas for various skin types.

Stick foundations

These foundations are essentially cream-to-powder foundations in stick form but there is more variety for stick foundation in terms of coverage. The can also function as concealers, and coverage can be built up very easily. 

About BeautifiedBuzz

We are an online Lagos hair and beauty directory connecting you to rated and reviewed nearby hair and beauty professionals.

Keep up to date with the latest buzz on where to get beautified!  

Contact us HERE